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Types of Wine Glasses

Choosing the right types of wine glasses is key to enjoying the finest flavor and aroma of wine, which are two (2) special features of wine that is enhanced with age. Set this page as your quick guide on selecting and buying wine glasses and champagne flutes, and serving white wine, red wine, blush wine, and champagne.

White Wine Glasses

White Wine Glasses, on the average, can hold 8 to 12 ounces of white wine. They feature a small, deep, and U-shaped bowl, which proves practical for two (2) reasons: White wines do not need extra space and they do not have to be swirled or aerated unlike the reds, and they only need a small surface area in order to remain chilled or able to stay cool for a long period of time inside the glass.

The types of white wine glasses are based on the age of white wine, thus:

Young and Crisp White Wines, also known as delicate whites or the light-bodied white wines, like Riesling, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Gris, Arneis, and Giwurtztiminer, will find their best match in white wine glasses, which feature a narrow bowl and a narrow opening, so the wine is directed to the sides of the tongue, where its flavor can best be enhanced.

Mature and Full-Bodied White Wines, or the spirited wines, like Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Moscato, and Semillon, can be experienced with a finer taste with white wine glasses with a small bowl that narrows slightly at the opening.

Red Wine Glasses

Red Wine Glasses, on the average, can hold 9 to 14 ounces of red wine, thus, they are basically large as compared to white wine glasses. They have an elongated egg-shaped bowl, so you can comfortably cup the bowl within the palm of your hand while swirling the wine to aerate or soften the taste of red wine's tannins and capture its aroma. The large bowl size of red wine glasses also prove practical, given that the smallest of their kind, which measures approximately 6" in height, can hold, on the average, 9 oz. of red wine, so pouring the average 4 to 5 oz. red wine serving size leaves a good space, i.e., at least half of the bowl, as "swirling space."

Red wine glasses come in two (2) types or basic shapes, each is named after and designed to enhance the flavor from two (2) of the largest wine-drinking regions in France:

Red Bordeaux Wine Glasses. Named after the largest wine-growing region in France and the world's major wine industry capital, Bordeaux red wine glasses are, basically, shaped like the all-purpose red wine glasses but are taller and larger than the same. Red Bordeaux wine glasses are best matched with rich or full-bodied red wines, like Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, and Malbec, they also work well with Australian Chianti, Petite Syrah, and the young and less complex varieties of Syrah or Shiraz.

Red Burgundy Wine Glasses. Perfect for the fine, full-bodied, and usually more expensive red wines, like Pinot Noir and Beaujolais, Burgundy wine glasses have a capacity of at least 14 ounces to as much as 34 ounces and they feature large, lotus-shaped bowls, thus, they appear stout and with a larger, wider, and with a more round bowl as compared to the Bordeaux red wine glasses. The wide and low bowl of Burgundy wine glasses provide a lot of room for aerating fine red wines and help them to easily come in contact with air, so you can quickly smell its distinctive aroma, while the slightly tapered design of its rim directs wine to the front part of the tongue, where the flavor of red wine can be more emphasized.

Rose or Blush Wine Glasses

Rose wine, also known as blush wine, glasses for pomelo pink-colored wines, which taste lighter or sweeter than most red or white wines, come in two (2) types and, like white wines, their use is based following the age of rose wine:

Young and Crisp Rose Wines. Tall-stemmed wine glasses with a short bowl, slightly tapered sides, but which enlarges at the rim, which helps to direct the wine to the tip of the tongue, which is more sensitive to sweetness is specially-recommended for the young and crisp rose wines. Another characteristic of this glass is that it allows for easy swirling, which helps to balance the fine taste of the rose wine.

Bodied and Mature Rose Wines. Tall-stemmed wine glasses with a short and wide bowl and a slightly tapered shape are considered perfect for full-bodied and matured rose wines.

Dessert Wine Glasses.

Perhaps the smallest among all types of wine glasses, dessert wine glasses, on the average, have a capacity of 4 ounces, making them perfect for the very sweet Port wines and the fruit-flavored dessert wines, which have a high alcohol content. Among the characteristics of specific types of dessert wine glasses are:

Port Wine Glasses. Slightly smaller than standard white wine glasses, port wine glasses have a capacity of 5 to 6 ounces and feature a tulip-shaped or U-shaped bowl. They are designed to be filled halfway, so as not to allow port to be exposed to too much air and prevent the alcoholic content of port from overwhelming its flavor. Port-style wine glasses are also ideal for serving Madeira wine and be filled to 1/3 its capacity to offer enough room for swirling the wine.

Sauternes Wine Glasses. Easily distinguished for their shapely bowl, Sauternes wine glasses’ bowl feature a V-shaped lower half that delicately bulges towards the upper half , which tapers inward to the rim. Such design helps to accentuate the apricot aroma typical of Sauternes, or French sweet wines, which are made from grapes affected by botrytis, or noble rot, as well as balance the latter’s sweetness and acidic taste. Typically designed as 12 oz. wine glasses, filling Sauternes wine glasses halfway beautifully emphasizes their distinctive glass shape.

Sherry Wine Glasses. Another popular type of dessert wine glass are these tulip-shaped and short-stemmed wine glasses, also known as copita. They are widely used in Spain and considered as the traditional wine glass for Sherry. If unavailable, simple white wine glasses are considered a fine substitute for sherry wine glasses.

Champagne Glasses

Also known as sparkling wine glasses, champagne glasses feature a tall, slender, and narrow bowl so they can flaunt elegantly the tiny bubbles of champagne as the latter move up from the bottom of the bowl. Specific types of champagne glasses include:

Coupe Champagne Glasses. Also known as saucer glass, coupe champagne glasses have shallow, wide mouthed, and circle-shaped bowls with straight sides and relatively short stem. They are the original champagne glasses and were popular during the first half of the 20th century before the rise of the flute champagne glasses. Coupe champagne glasses are a classic favorite for champagne fountains, however, wine connoisseurs escape their use for drinking champagnes because of how easily they let the aroma of champagne escape and make the latter taste flat so quickly.

Tulip Champagne Glasses. Looking dainty and smart, tulip champagne glasses feature a slender, narrow, and tall tulip-shaped bowl that slightly tapers to the rim. Their exquisite design helps to concentrate the flavor, strengthen the aroma of champagne, and aid the flow of bubbles. They also feature a tall stem, which makes it easy to hold chilled champagne inside the glass and typically have a capacity of 6 ounces.

Flute Champagne Glasses. Sometimes called trumpet flutes, flute champagne glasses have an average capacity of 7 to 11 ounces and feature a tall and slender bowl, which is narrow at the bottom and flares to the rim, which special design helps to keep the bubbles in the flute longer, or not allow them to escape fast.

1. http://www.sparklingstemware.com/products/Sauternes-Dessert-Wine-Glasses-set-of-4-Ravenscroft-Classics-Collection.htmlTypes of Champagne Glasses | eHow.com
2. http://www.ehow.com/about_7227936_types-champagne-glasses.html#ixzz2EFDKVqcZ
3. http://recipes.howstuffworks.com/food-facts/how-to-serve-champagne.htm